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A loyal reader corrects me on the details of accessibility at The Old Triangle:

Re. Old Triangle. I haven't checked their entrance lately, but I can tell you that they do have an accessible washroom inside. I can't remember the layout now; it was about two years I was there celebrating a friend's birthday. It may be on their main floor, which actually may be up several steps. The place is a maze inside. I was going to the washroom and asked the server where it was. She said downstairs. I said I don't do stairs and had my cane with me. She returned with a key for an accessible washroom very close to our table. I asked her why the washroom was not well marked and why it was kept locked so that you had to (a) know it was there and (b) know to ask for a key. She said they had stopped keeping it open because couples were using it for sex acts, as it is roomy and out-of-sight. I did indeed find the washroom large, as it should be. I asked her to keep it open and they did, at least while I was there. They probably locked it again as soon as my party left.

A Winter's Tale

This summer I participated in the minister's advisory panel on accessibility legislation. I was co-chair of the committee on the built environment. We submitted our final report to the minister a week ago. 

I'd like to tell you a story.

We met once on September 10 at the Future Inn up near Bayer's Lake, then agreed to meet four successive Mondays as a group. It had been suggested that we should be mindful of the budgetary pressures of the Department of Community Services, so we cast around for a free accessible location (2 in wheelchairs, one with a cane) and were pleased when Paul Pettipas of the Nova Scotia Home Builders Association volunteered his new space at 124 Chain Lake Drive. Complete with state-of-the-art accessible washroom.

Now Paul is a fine advocate (he's a lawyer) for the NSHBA, but a poor judge of accessibility. After the first meeting I was aware of how inaccessible the washroom was, so at the second meeting all twelve of us adjourned to the washroom and examined in detail the shortcomings of the facility. Misplaced mirrors were an inconvenience, misplaced grab-bars around the toilet were a danger.

You can quibble about the details, but the angled grab bar and missing bar over the tank make the toilet unusable. Most importantly, it's not up to code. If the Nova Scotia Homebuilders Association doesn't follow code, why would anyone bother?

Paul offered this plan from HRM, which he evidently followed (except for the angled grab bar).

I suggested that, if I fell while using his substandard grab bars, his insurance company might not be so forgiving, as ignorance is seldom an excuse. Paul was not convinced.

At bottom I know Pettipas is an honourable guy, but based on a string of unhappy experiences beginning with Chickenburger, I am concerned that building inspectors are fundamentally uninformed about accessibility.

 I wrote Jim Donovan, Manager of Municipal Compliance on September 27:
Dear Mr. Donovan,
It's come to my attention that HRM is circulating a template for an accessible washroom that is both at odds with the Province's barrier free requirements and incorrect. I attach a copy.
The conflicts with the building code include
  • rear grab bar requirement (a misinterpreted comma)
  • omitting insulated pipes
  • no mention of controls, like light switches
The reference cited for grab bars - doesn't exist, and points generally to the section on assistive listening devices.
The lack of a rear grab bar is a real problem for wheelchair users, who are explicitly trained in using them for transfer.
I tell you this with the request that it be corrected. In the interest of safety and to protect HRM, it would seem wise to review all permits granted on the basis of this template.
I look forward to hearing from you.
I didn't mention the location.  I had this reply two days later

Mr Reed,
I’m not aware that this document is in circulation but have contacted the Manager of the Permit approvals Section to ensure staff do not propagate its use or content.
It may be that the document was created and used by staff previously as a reference to an earlier, 2006, version of the barrier free regulations is made on its face near the center of the page. Those regulations having been superseded make the entire sheet moot. That being the case I must agree that the content is easily misleading and assure you we both ensure that the document is not in use by our Officials but that the current technical specifications are understood.
Just as a guess, I'd say the Home Builder's occupancy permit is a lot newer than 2006.

Bear with me.  Last Fall there was a debate in Council on sidewalk cafes which prompted me to write the Mayor:

Dear Mayor Savage, Mr. Butts and Mr. Labrecque,
I am writing to comment on the proposed changes to the Sidewalk Cafe Bylaw outlined in the staff report of September 8, 2014.

You will be aware that the Healthy Communities Initiative, passed unanimously by Council, includes the following commitment: “HRM is a leader in building an inclusive and accessible community for everyone, including persons with disabilities and seniors”
HRM staff often prevent the installation of wheelchair ramps at retail establishments because they would encroach on city property. Yet the report on sidewalk cafe regulation proposes to allow much greater encroachment on city property in the interests of permitting sidewalk cafes.
The staff report spends a fair amount of time on accessibility, but fails to consider the broader implications of fairness and the true meaning of accessibility.  For example, many of these sidewalk cafes serve otherwise inaccessible restaurants. What good is an accessible cafe at a restaurant where a customer can't use the washroom?
The sidewalk cafe bylaw changes present a great opportunity to use the power of the city to advance your 'healthy communities' agenda.  Specifically, you should refuse to license any sidewalk cafe unless the restaurant sponsoring it provides on-premises access to a barrier free washroom.

Without such a provision, council would effectively be trading my interest in the public sidewalk for a facility that discriminates against me.
I would go further: No cafe for restaurants that don't offer equivalent experiences to all diners.
  • Is there an upstairs service different from downstairs? 
  • A sports bar upstairs and none downstairs? 
  • An Oyster Bar downstairs, but a full-service restaurant upstairs?
Restaurants must be equitable in their offerings, giving equivalent service and experience to all diners. They don't have to magically transport me to the second floor, but all dining experiences must be available to all customers.

Otherwise, no cafe.
This is a power HRM clearly has; to put meaningful action behind the brave words of the Healthy Communities Initiative.  I have other commitments tomorrow, but I would like this email to become part of the record on this matter. Can I please ask that it be read in Council?
Best regards,

Warren Reed
cc. Shaune MacKinlay, Waye Mason

I did not hear back.

Bear with me.

Today I learn that a Halifax watering hole called The Old Triangle is expanding upstairs.  I've never been in, but have it on good authority that this Halifax landmark has three levels inside and a single privy in a cave in the basement.  The ever-reliable Coast calls The Old Triangle 'wheelchair accessible', but they must be referring to the patio on Bedford Row.

This from the Health Protection Act:
Washroom facilities
20 (1) A food establishment must have washroom facilities for staff and washroom facilities for the public available in a convenient location, unless exempted by the Administrator.
(2) A washroom facility must be constructed, equipped, and designed in accordance with the Nova Scotia Building Code.
(3) If an inspector gives written approval, the same washroom facilities may be used for both staff and the public.
The science of pee

“Alcohol is a diuretic,” says Professor Oliver James, head of clinical medical sciences at Newcastle University, where they know their drinking. “It acts on the kidneys to make you pee out much more than you take in – which is why you need to go to the toilet so often when you drink.” In fact for every 1g of alcohol drunk, urine excretion increases by 10ml.

A common side effect of drinking is needing the toilet just five minutes after your last visit. This irritating experience (usually known as 'breaking the seal') happens because alcohol delivers a hefty double whammy to your kidneys.

I freely admit that the patio on Bedford Row is wheelchair accessible.  So here's the question: When I have a beer at The Old Triangle, do I use the washroom across the street at McKelvie's, or do I just pee in the street? 

And another question:  Has the Administrator of the Health Protection Act really exempted The Old Triangle?  Is it forever?  Show me the signature.

Almost there.

Alert readers will know of the plaque affixed to the Prince Street door of The Old Triangle, marking the location of the offices of Joseph Howe's newspaper, The Novascotian.  We all know Howe; among his many accomplishments, he was Speaker of the House of Assembly.  Today's Speaker, The Honourable Kevin Murphy, uses a wheelchair.  His office is 539 feet from the Old Triangle, yet he can't get in.


Friday the 27th there is a protest about the state of sidewalks in HRM.  Now the rest of you know what it's like to be captive in a city where the infrastructure is your enemy.   Canada being where it is, snow is a fact of life, but it can be dealt with in an orderly way.  HRM can plow it or residents can shovel it.  Those of you who need a lesson in old-fashioned neighbourliness can ask Paul Vienneau:

The favour could be returned by dealing with accessibility in the same spirit; insisting Paul be made welcome at the Old Triangle, that the Mayor live up to his promises, and someone at Municipal Compliance gets assigned to the catch-up class in accessibility.

Gus Reed


On January 15th, Martin Luther King Day in the US, HalifaxExaminer highlighted two interesting stories:
  • In a letter to the Chronicle Herald, Ralph Ferguson, tireless advocate from Pictou, laments the poor accessibility of the Abbie J. Lane Hospital.  Showing up for a sleep study, Ferguson met unmanageable doors and a rather primitive array of washrooms.
  • CBC recoils in horror at the circumstances of a potential visit by Martin Luther King, Jr. to Fundy Park in 1960.  Although the unwelcome mat was put out by a Canadian, CBC blames American tourists.
If he was alive in 2015, MLKJr would be given a hearty welcome at the Abbie J. Lane, but how would Ralph fare at Fundy Park?

The place where MLK didn't go is called only "private chalets".  Googling "fundy park chalet" gives several plausible results.  I thought Fundy Highlands Chalets seemed the most likely - within park boundaries and about the right size and vintage.  It is a typical Maritime place; spotless, in a beautiful setting, idyllic.  I sent an email inquiring about wheelchair access and received a reply 18 days later (they're closed until May):

We unfortunately do not have wheelchair accessible accommodations.

This is so typical and short sighted.  In the Northeast US, there are 55,943,073 people, 15.1% of whom are over 65.  That's 8,447,404 candidates for a peaceful and inexpensive vacation.  They're not all wheelchair users to be sure, but they're not Olympic athletes either.  If you use a walker or have an achy hip,  you don't want this cabin without a ramp or railings:

Ralph Ferguson is too much of a gentleman to ascribe this to prejudice.  I'm tempted, but it's prejudice born of ignorance, not malice.

But how could a half decent businessperson fail to recognize that an investment of a thousand dollars could lure some customers?  Gas is cheap, the Loonie is in the toilet, retirement funds are overflowing, the Bay of Fundy is on everyone's bucket list, including Frommer's, nobody wants to get on an airplane.

When the owners of Fundy Highlands drive to Florida, as they probably have done, they pass hundreds, thousands! of accessible rooms in Holiday Inn Express hotels.  Not fancy, but a grab bar and roll-in shower makes all the difference. When returning North, after Calais starts the Gobi Desert of accessibility.

In the US, people are comfortable setting off on their driving vacation because a suitable room is sure to be found at the next exit.  Not so in the Maritimes.  People get discouraged, word gets around.  An email like the one I got can deep-six a whole plan: "I really wanted to get further up the bay, but I guess not.  Let's cancel St. Andrews and stay an extra week in Bar Harbor".  

It's like vaccinations: one unprotected idiot makes everyone vulnerable.

The Tourism Departments are falling down on the job.  Make accommodations be accessible.  For everyone's good.